Middle register - XX century - "The destruction» (V - XII stamps)


The advent of the Bolsheviks, 1917





The scene tells of the coming of the Bolsheviks and the beginning of the persecution of the church. The plot is put

- A historical fact. On Sunday,

October 29 1917 "Metropolitan Tikhon was to serve divine Liturgy Christ the Savior Cathedral, but to get Temple could neither parishioners nor Lord - they were met at the approaches to the center of Moscow machine-gun and rifle bullets. "1



1 Vostryshev M. elect of God.

M .: Contemporary, 1991, p. 47.






Left area of ​​the Red Army moving system - the image of the new government, the Soviet. In ancient literature enemy army always appeared as numerous, "And the whole multitude of them" (Lk. 23: 1). Defenders of the right things were less chislom.2 Grey Budenovka Bolsheviks resembling domes of churches - signs of deception: "Their webs become garments, and they do not cover themselves with their works" (Isa. 59: 6).


Shortly before the revolution, Tsar Nicholas II ordered the painter Viktor Vasnetsov performed sketches for a new form of the Russian army, in which the artist reflected the theme of ancient heroes. In particular, the prototype served as headgear helmet-old Russian Shishak. With the advent

new royal government warehouses were captured, and the former symbolism pereshito

a new one.


Sharp hostility directed toward the sky, - the beginning of the persecution of the church. Cross on fire - come villainy: "Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood" (

Isa. 59: 7). At the gates of the temple - the icon of Christ Pantocrator. In the hands of the Gospel an appeal: "Come unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest" (Matt. 11:28).

On the door of the temple hanging grille - a sign of closing the cathedral. Orthodox sky darkened, the golden domes of the Cathedral of the Savior turn into gray on the white walls appear reddish reflexes.


Right - in pictures expelled from the temple: Senior Priest - Father Alexander Hotovitsky

and Metropolitan Tikhon of Moscow and Kolomna. In the hands of the father of Alexander - the key to the church of the Savior - a sign of the salvation of the church. Small crosses in sakkos Tikhon - Christian souls fleeing in church networks. On the shoulders of white omofor

with massive cross - spiritual burden pastor "take up his cross and follow me" (Matt. 16:24). In his hand a scroll - the church covenants. Hood on his head - the helmet of salvation. Image of a small number of pastors - sign co-presence between the Savior: "Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them" (Matt. 18:20). Green Chamber circumcised roof - sign decapitated darkness Russia.



2 ES Smirnov, AK Laurin, EA Gordienko. Veliky Novgorod XV century painting. Publishing "Science". M .: 1982, p. 152.